Health and safety in nurseries is extremely important due to the particularly vulnerable nature of early years pupils.
The law does not expect all risk to be eliminated – but that ‘reasonable precautions’ are taken and staff are trained and aware of their responsibilities. This means that risks must be assessed and reasonable steps taken to mitigate them.
Sensible safety management is when
- The leadership team understands the nursery’s Health & Safety Policy and applies it practically to the real risks posed in the nursery setting.
- Key staff have clearly established roles and responsibilities and understand their health and safety duties.
- Paperwork is kept to a minimum with the significant hazards identified, their risks adequately controlled, and precautions clearly documented where needed.
Significant health and safety issues in nurseries include lack of pupil maturity/awareness, class size, limitation of space, layout, equipment, etc.
In this article, we discuss nine things you need to tick in your nursery risk assessment.
1. Movement around the nursery
Last year, 42% of school-related health and safety injuries resulted from slips, trips and falls. Many of these incidents can be easily avoided by ensuring:
- Internal flooring is in a good condition;
- Lighting is bright enough to ensure safe access to and egress from the site;
- Robust procedures are in place for spillages;
- There are no trailing electrical cables/leads;
- Walkways are kept clear;
- Gardens are regularly checked for the presence of harmful objects; and
- Storage areas, stock rooms and staff rooms are always left in a tidy state, with all items placed in safe positions on shelves or in lockers to avoid injury to people.
Classroom staff should make sure premises are ready to be cleaned – and not expect cleaners to tidy up after children. This means clearing all items/debris from the floor and stacking chairs at the end of the day.
Can this be said of your nursey? To help make sure, carry out termly health and safety walk-around inspections and give relevant staff completed monitoring reports.
2. Work at height (falls)
A book or swivel chair is not an appropriate way to reach something up high. In your risk assessment, can you say:
- There is an ‘elephant-foot’ step stool or stepladder available for use where necessary?
- Above ground floor windows are secured to prevent falls?
- Window openers are provided for high-level windows?
Any activities carried out above floor level must be stringently risk-assessed and properly supervised.
3. Furniture and fittings
Despite the financial pressures in education, it is still very important to maintain furniture and fittings.
When assessing risk in your premises, check that you can answer ‘yes’ to these questions:
- Are permanent fixtures in good condition and securely fastened?
- Is furniture in good repair and suitable for the size of the user, whether adult or small child?
- Is portable equipment, such as a TV set, stable on a suitable trolley?
- Where window restrictors are fitted to upper-floor windows, are they in good working order?
- Are hot surfaces of radiators, etc., protected where necessary to prevent the risk of burns to vulnerable young people?
If the answer is no, then you need to ensure that steps are taken, so far as reasonably practicable, to mitigate the risk.
Additionally, equipment should be safe to use and clean – providers should be aware of the hygiene requirements.
4. Manual handling
This does not mean conducting a risk assessment every time someone carries something, such as handing out books, but it does mean ensuring adequate support is there if a heavy object needs moving. This could be as simple as providing a trolley for moving a television or having another member of staff assist when moving heavy equipment.
Bending and lifting should be carried out with due care and attention to back and body posture.
5. Safety rules
Inform and keep staff up-to-date with particular early years child safety rules, such as:
- Only walking inside – no running.
- Children not being allowed to use equipment/apparatus without adult supervision.
- Children to be taught safe methods for carrying equipment, such as scissors or chairs.
- Hot drinks to be kept in cups with lids to avoid spillage.
- Groups of children or individuals never being left unsupervised.
6. Electrical equipment and services
Answering ‘yes’ to these questions is a good indication that your nursery is compliant.
- Are fixed electrical switches, plug sockets and cables in good repair?
- Are plug sockets that are within children’s reach covered?
- Has portable electrical equipment been visually checked and tested at suitable intervals to ensure its safe use? A sticker may show its been tested.
- Has damaged electrical equipment been taken out of service/replaced?
- Are electric cables routed to prevent trips?
At least 319 teachers have died from mesothelioma since 1980 and 205 of these deaths occurred since 2001.
These shocking statistics should not be ignored. If your nursery premises contain asbestos:
- Have details of the location and its condition in the classroom been provided and explained to staff?
- Have you been provided with guidance on securing pieces of work to walls/ceilings that may contain asbestos?
If there are fire exit doors in the classroom, are they unobstructed, unlocked and easy to open?
In addition to this, nursery leaders need to be able to confirm that:
- Fire-fighting equipment is in place.
- Fire evacuation procedures are clearly displayed.
- All staff are aware of the evacuation drill, including arrangements for any vulnerable adults.
It’s also important to test your fire safety procedures regularly to ensure they are fit for purpose.
Free Download: Definitive Guide to General Risk Assessments
Identify risks and keep your nursery compliant with this free guide
9. Ventilation and heating
A classroom that is too hot or too cold can affect a child’s ability to learn. With that in mind, you should have measures in place and be able to answer the following questions:
- Do rooms have natural ventilation?
- Can reasonable temperatures be maintained?
- Are measures in place, including blinds, to protect from glare and heat from the sun?
This is not an exhaustive list and you should identify any other hazards associated with daily use of the nursery, including any further action needed.
Simply referring to model assessments or other published schemes is insufficient; there must be evidence that these assessments have been consulted and adapted where necessary to suit your nursery.
If you are able to demonstrate that you are assessing risk in these nine areas, then you are going some way to being health and safety compliant.
Ultimately, sensible judgements are all that is generally required to achieve maximum benefits for children while ensuring they are not exposed to significant risks. This is particularly important in early years settings, as children should be able to grow, develop and safely take appropriate risks.
Peace of mind
If in doubt, support from an experienced Health & Safety specialist will help to ensure your environment is compliant and that you are taking all necessary measures to keep children safe. Call 0345 226 8393 for your free consultation.